About Creating Tests In QTP

About Creating Tests In Quick Test Pro(QTP)

You can create tests using the keyword-driven methodology, step recording, or a combination of both.

Creating tests using the keyword-driven methodology requires an infrastructure for all of the required resources. Resources include shared object repositories, function libraries, and recovery scenarios. Setting up the infrastructure requires in-depth knowledge of your application and a high level of QuickTest expertise. 

Although setting up the infrastructure may initially require a longer time-investment in comparison to recording tests, using the keyword-driven methodology enables you to create tests at a more application-specific level and with a more structured design. This enables you to maintain your tests more efficiently and provides you with more flexibility than a recorded test. 

In some cases, you may want to let QuickTest generate test steps by recording the typical processes that you perform on your application. As you navigate through your application, QuickTest graphically displays each step you perform as a row in the Keyword View. A step is anything a user does that changes the content of a page or object in your application, for example, clicking a link or typing data into an edit box. Recording may be easier for new QuickTest users or when beginning to design tests for a new application or a new feature. 

While creating your test, you can insert checkpoints. A checkpoint compares the value of an element captured when the object was saved in the object repository, with the value of the same element captured during the run session. This helps you determine whether or not your application is functioning correctly. For more information, see Understanding Checkpoints. 

When you test your application, you may want to check how it performs the same operations with different data. This is called parameterizing your test. You can supply data in the Data Table, define environment variables, instruct QuickTest to generate random numbers, and so on. For more information, see Parameterizing Values.

After creating your initial test, you can further enhance it by adding and modifying steps in the Keyword View or Expert View.

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