CSTE Certification Questions 5

CSTE Certficiation question dumps on Software testing continued.
115. Flowcharts may be a:
a)    Simple High level process flow
b)    A detailed task flow
c)    Any mix of a and b
d)   All of the above

116. Flowcharts are useful to obtain knowledge of a process for improvement. It helps to document a process so that, inefficiencies and redundancies can be identified and reduced.


117. A process map is a more detailed flowchart that depicts:
a)    Processes
b)    Relationship Between Processes
c)    Process Owners
d)   All the above


118. Flow Charts should reference the following:
a)    Process owners, suppliers and Customers
b)    Key deliverables
c)    Decision points
d)    Interfaces
e)    Task and Task Sequences
f)    Policies, Standards, procedures and Tools
e)   All of the above

119. The process of measuring how well a company’s products, services and practices measure against others is known as benchmarking.


120. Benchmarking can be done against partners who could be
a)    Internal Units
b)    Competitors
c)    “Best in class” or “best in breed” within any industry
d)   Any of the above

121. The objective of benchmarking is to identify performance gap and to determine a realistic improvement goal.


122. List the three types of benchmarking
a)    Process Benchmarking
b)    Product Benchmarking
c)    Performance Benchmarking


123. Matrix is a
a)   Problem Solving Technique
b)    Problem Identifying Technique
c)    Problem Cause Identifying Technique
d)    Ranking Technique


124. Matrix is also known as _____________ and _____________
Check sheet, matrix diagram


125. The two common types of Matrixes are
a)    L-Type and X-Type
b)    X-Type and V-Type
c)   L-Type and T-Type
d)    T-Type and X-Type


126. L-Type matrix compares
a)   2 sets of items
b)    3 sets of items
c)    none of the above

127. The Principal Developer of QFD (Quality Function Deployment) is

a)    Dr. W. Edwards Deming
b)    Dr. Joseph Juran
c)    William Scherkenbach
d)   Dr. Yoji Akao
e)    Dr. Harold S. Geneen
f)    None of the above

128. Quality System is an Organized approach to quality with __________, __________ and _________.

Tools, techniques and methods

129. Comprehensive Quality Deployment includes __________ , _________ , _________ and __________
Quality, technology, cost/schedule and reliability


130. Scatter plots are used for
a. Problem solving and understanding
b. Cause and effect relationships
c. Test influence of one variable over the other.
d. All of the above

131. Which of the following use Scatter plots
a. Defect level vs.Skills
b. Cost vs time
c. change response
d. Defect level vs Complexity
e. All of the above

132. The following are not types of scatter plots
a. Positive
b. Negative
c. Zero
d. Non zero

133. Which of the following are graphical presentation tools.
a. Table
b. Pie chart
c. Scatter plot
d. Bar chart
e. None of the above

134. Which of the following charts show direction of events
     a. Bar chart
     b. Run chart
     c. Line chart
     d. Table

135. Line charts can be used for the following:
     a. Like units
     b. Like periods
     c. Like variables
     d. Related or fixed variables.

138. The following are 2D charts:
    a. Bar charts
    b. Line chart
    c. Run chart
    d. Control chart

139. Data precision is not highly required for        
     a. Line chart
     b. Control chart
     c. Bar chart
     d. pie chart

140. Which of the following chart represents data in percentage
    a. stem and leaf chart
    b. Bar chart
     c. Pie chart
    d. Line chart

141. Stem and leaf chart is a variation of
   a. Line chart
   b. Pie chart
   c. Bar chart
  d. Control chart
  e. None of the above

142. It is practical to use stem and leaf charts when absolute no of values is
  a. High(More than 100)
  b. Low (Usually 100 or less)
 c. Zero
 d. None of the above
    
143. Testing performed by organizations other than the developer is 
(a) Unit testing 
(b) Integration testing
(c) System testing
(d) Acceptance testing
(e) Independent testing

144. “Validate that the functions meet stated requirements” is
(a) Unit testing
(b)  Integration testing
(c)  System testing
(d)  Acceptance testing
(e)  Independent testing

145. “Validate that all units work together according to the system design” is
(a)  Unit testing
(b) Integration testing
(c)  System testing
(d)  Acceptance testing
(e)  Independent testing

146. “Validate that system meets the needs of the business” is
(a)  Unit testing
(b)  Integration testing
(c)  System testing
(d) Acceptance testing
(e)  Independent testing

147. “Incremental testing” means 
(a)  White Box testing
(b)  Black Box testing
(c) Top-down testing
(d)  Regression testing
(e)  Independent testing

148. “Data driven testing may be called as
(a)  White Box testing
(b) Black Box testing
(c)  Regression testing
(d)Independent testing


149.  Logic driven testing may be called as 
a.    White Box testing
b.    Black Box testing
c.    Top-down testing
d.    Regression testing
e.    Independent testing

150. Verification should be performed for
(a)  requirements
(b)  design
(c)  code construction
(d)  operation / maintenance
(e) all of the above

151. Validation is mostly used to determine the _______ of the final software / program
(a) Correctness
(b)  Completeness
(c)  Consistency
(d)  Quality

152. Verification is mostly used to determine the effectiveness / completeness of the software

153. For small programs, verification is the process of determining the correspondence between a program and its specifications
True / False

154. As part of configuration management, small changes need not be documented and controlled.
  1. True.
  2. False.
155. Someone independent of the team that designed the change should be involved in testing the final revised program.’’
  1. True.
  2. False.
156. The primary goal of defect management.
  1. Defect correction.
  2. Defect prevention.
  3. Defect reduction.
  4. All of the above.
157. The defect management, unlike the entire s/w development process need not be risk driven.
  1. True.
  2. False.
158. The general principles of recording management includes,
  1. Preventing defects.
  2. Capture and analysis of information should be automated.
  3. Should focus on the person who caused the defect.
  4. Defect information should be used to improve process.

159. The main purpose of recording defects are
  1. To ensure the defect is corrected.
  2. To gather statistics used to develop defect expectations in future applications.
  3. To go for continuous improvement.
  4. All of the above.
160. Severity of defects should be assigned subjectively, whereas priority should be assigned objectively.
  1. True.
  2. False.
161. How many steps will be there in simple Defect Tracking Process (DTP).
a)    2
b)    3
c)   4
d)    Just one

162. From the following what are the steps in DTP
a)   Execute test and log any discrepancies
b)    Draw Fish bone diagram
c)   Assign defect to a developer
d)    Do causal analysis

163. What are the recommended levels to ‘Prioritize the correction’
a)   Critical
b)   Major
c)   Minor
d)    Oversight or inadequate self review

164. Test reports issued periodically include ----------- by severity or priority
a)    Summary of all the defects found
b)    Summary of all  closed defects
c)   Summary of all  open defects
d)    None of the above

165. Test reports are issued to
a)    Team alone
b)   Team and Management
c)    Management alone
d)    None of the above

166. Test reports are issued
a)   Periodically throughout the testing process
b)    At the end of testing process
c)    Once in a month
d)    Once in the lifetime of a project

167. Defects can also be used for Process Improvement
          True / False

168. Today many organizations use defects for Process Improvement
          True / False

169. Based on research team findings, using defects for Process Improvement should include the following
a)    Go back to the person who did coding
b)   Go back to the process that originated the defect to understand what caused the defect
c)    Go to the other project to know how they dealt with that problem
d)   Go back to the verification and validation process, which should have caught them earlier

170. Human factors dimension alone can have a very large impact on the effectiveness of the review process
          True/False


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